Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS)

 What is PBIS?

PBIS stands for Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports.  It is a framework for defining, teaching, and sustaining student behaviors across school settings (Kincaid, Childs, Blasé, & Wallace, 2007; Turnbull, et al., 2002).  PBIS is meant to prevent or reduce challenging behaviors in order to produce positive outcomes. The focus is on positive reinforcement for desired behavior and less on problem behavior.

According to Brusnahan and Gatti (2008), there are three basic assumptions of PBIS:

  1. Identifying and teaching expected behaviors.
  2. Reinforcing and rewarding expected behaviors.
  3. Enforcing consistent meaningful consequences when violations of the expected behavior occur.


            What is C.A.R.E?

C.A.R.E. is Maxwell’s chosen expected behavior acronym. It was developed from out school-wide “RCA” action cycle. We use C.A.R.E when specifically teaching desired behaviors in specific locations.  For example here is our behavior expectation for the main office:

The school wide behavior matrix lists most locations at the school where desired behavior is expected.  This includes areas such as chorus/instrumental music, tech lab, bathrooms, cafeteria, library, playground, pick up/drop off, emergency drills, assemblies, hallways, office, and all areas not specified. All expected behaviors are connected to C.A.R.E. and specifically taught.  The expected behaviors are maintained and reviewed throughout the year. What is the School Wide Behavior Matrix?